Fossil Record 24(1): 9-18, doi: 10.5194/fr-24-9-2021
A new late Miocene bovid (Mammalia: Artiodactyla: Bovidae) from Çorakyerler (Turkey)
expand article infoDimitris S. Kostopoulos, Ayla Sevim Erol§, Alper Yener Yavuz|, Serdar Mayda
‡ Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece§ Faculty of Languages, History and Geography, Department of Anthropology, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey| Faculty of Art and Sciences, Department of Anthropology, Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Burdur, Turkey¶ Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey
Open Access

We describe here five new bovid crania from theÇorakyerler fossil site (Tüglu Formation, Çankırı Basin,north-central Anatolia, Turkey), the fauna of which is dated by magneto- andbiostratigraphy to the late Miocene, around the Vallesian–Turolian boundary.The material is assigned to a new bovid taxon of medium-to-large size,Gangraia anatolica gen. and sp. nov., characterized by horn cores that are long, keelless, compressed, obliquelyinserted on the frontals, transversally ridged, moderatelydiverging from each other, slightly twisted homonymously, and sigmoidally curved inlateral view with long, fairly straight tips. The horn core features, alongwith the presence of a single large sinus occupying the pedicle and the baseof the horn core, a strong cranial flexion, a short braincase, thepresence of a distinct dorsal parietal boss, wide-apart temporal crests,and a widened anteriorly basioccipital, indicate a mixture of caprine-like andalcelaphine-like features that relate Gangraia anatolica gen. and sp. nov. to theAlcelaphini–Caprini–Hippotragini clade.